COVID-19 related hospitalization costs; assessment of influencing factors

Abstract

Objective: Our aim is to assess the effective factors on hospitalization costs of COVID-19 patients. Methods: Data related to clinical characteristics and cost of hospitalized COVID-19 patients from February 2020 until July 2020, in a public teaching hospital in Tehran, Iran was gathered in a retrospective cohort study. The corresponding factors influencing the diagnostic and therapeutic costs were evaluated, using a generalized linear model. Results: The median COVID-19 related diagnostic and therapeutic costs in a public teaching hospital in Iran, for one hospitalized COVID-19 patient was equal to 271.1 US dollars (USD). In patients who were discharged alive from the hospital, the costs increased with patients’ pregnancy (P<0.001), loss of consciousness during hospitalization (P<0.001), a history of drug abuse (P=0.006), history of chronic renal disease (P<0.001), end stage renal disease (P=0.002), history of brain surgery (P=0.001), history of migraine (P=0.001), cardiomegaly (P=0.033) and occurrence of myocardial infarction during hospitalization (P<0.001). In deceased patients, low age P<0.001), history of congenital disease (P=0.024) and development of cardiac dysrhythmias during hospitalization (P=0.044) were related to increase in therapeutic costs. Conclusion: Median diagnostic and therapeutic costs in COVID-19 patients, hospitalized in a public teaching hospital in Iran were 271.1 USD. Hoteling and medications made upmost of the costs. History of cardiovascular disease and new onset episodes of such complications during hospitalization were the most important factors contributing to the increase of therapeutic costs. Moreover, pregnancy, loss of consciousness, and renal diseases are of other independent factors affecting hospitalization costs in COVID-19 patients.

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IssueVol 6 No 1 (2022): Winter (February) QRcode
SectionOriginal article
DOI 10.18502/fem.v6i1.7675
Keywords
Cardiovascular Diseases COVID-19 Effective Factors Hospitalization Costs

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1.
Haji Aghajani M, Sistanizad M, Toloui A, Madani Neishaboori A, Pourhoseingholi A, Maher A, Asadpoordezaki Z, Miri R, Yousefifard M. COVID-19 related hospitalization costs; assessment of influencing factors. Front Emerg Med. 2021;6(1):e3.

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