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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Office Word format.
  • All the references were provided in Endnote format (Vancouver style).
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor it is under evaluation with another journal (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • On behalf of all the authors, I'm agree to pay the article publication fee determined by the journal (just for Iranian authors).
  • If the submission is accepted for publication in this journal, we (authors) are committed to send the final text for native English editing at our own expense and send the edited text back to the journal along with an official certificate for continuing the publication process (just for Iranian authors).

Author Guidelines

Submission process:

Title page, blind manuscript text, and cover letter files should be separately submitted via online submission system. If you have any problem with the process, please contact fem@tums.ac.ir.

Manuscript Preparation:

1- Summary (for busy authors)

Title page, including title of the article, authors' names, affiliations, and detailed information of corresponding author/authors. ORCID, phone or fax number, email and postal address should be provided and submitted as a separate file.

Blind manuscript text file should be prepared according to the specific research reporting guidelines (available via https://www.equator-network.org/). In addition, declarations section including acknowledgment, authors' contribution, conflict of interest and funding should be addressed at the end of the manuscript text in all types of the articles. All clinical trials should be registered in a registry of clinical trials approved by World Health Organization (WHO) or the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). As an option, the Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT) is one of the suggested registries.

2- Details

FEM adheres to the recommendations of International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). A structured abstract should appear on the first page of the manuscript. The preferred word processing format for the manuscript file is Microsoft Word version 2003 or newer. Manuscripts should be double-spaced, with 2.5 cm (normal) margins on all sides. All abbreviations must be spelled out on its initial appearance on the text, followed by its abbreviated form in parentheses. Units of measurement must comply with the International System of Units (SI). For indexing, up to seven keywords should be typed at the end of the abstract for each manuscript. These words should be identical to the medical subject headings (MeSH) that appear in the Index Medicus of the National Library of Medicine. The manuscript should have the following components:








Main text 


  Methods (preferably with proper subheadings)


  Discussion (including limitations)




  Authors' contribution

  Conflict of interest






Original / Research Papers

Observational studies (including cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies) should be arranged based on the STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement and checklist. Research papers that report a randomized controlled trial, should comply with the guidelines provided by the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) group. In addition, supplying the manuscript with a CONSORT flowchart diagram is highly encouraged. Researchers who would like to publish their clinical trial reports in this journal must register their studies in a registry of clinical trials. As an option, the Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT) is a registry suggested by WHO for Iranian authors. Abstracts should not exceed 350 words and the main text (excluding abstract and references) should not exceed 3500 words for original papers.


Review articles should be composed of systematic critical assessments of literature and data sources pertaining to clinical topics, emphasizing factors such as cause, diagnosis, prognosis, therapy, or prevention. They should have unstructured abstracts. All articles and data sources should include information about the specific types of study or analysis, population, intervention, exposure and tests or outcomes. Authors of review articles should be expert and have contributions in the field of the addressed subject. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses on clinical trials and observational studies should be prepared based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE), respectively. Abstract should not exceed 350 words and the main text (excluding abstract and references) should not exceed 5000 words.

Case Reports

Case reports should be arranged in accordance with Consensus-based Clinical Case Reporting (CARE) as follows: Abstract (unstructured, not exceeding 150 words), Introduction, Case presentation, Discussion, Conclusion, Declarations, References, and Figures. Abstract should not exceed 150 words and the main text (excluding abstract and references) should not exceed 1000 words. At most 4 authors and 10 references could be included.

Brief Reports

Original research papers can also be published in a brief format. Submitted papers that are of interest but not acceptable as a full-length original/research article, are offered by the editor to be published in this section. The authors can also primarily submit their papers for consideration of publication in this section. An unstructured abstract no longer than 200 words is required for this section. The body of the manuscript should not exceed 2000 words and no heading or subheading should be used. The number of tables and/or figures should be limited to 2 and references to a maximum of 15. At most 4 authors could be included.

Letter to the Editor

All correspondence will be considered for publication if it contains constructive criticism on previously published articles in the journal, the authors of which will have the right of reply. In addition, reports of limited research or clinical experiences can be submitted in the form of a letter. The length should not exceed 700 words. Just one table or figure and references to a maximum of 10 are allowed. At most 3 authors could be included.



Conflict of Interest

Authors are expected to disclose any commercial associations or sources of support that might pose a conflict of interest regarding the submitted article. All funding sources supporting the work, must be declared in the appendix section at the end of the manuscript. Whole affiliations with or financial involvement in any organization or entity with a direct financial interest in the subject matters or materials of the research discussed (examples: employment, consultancies, stock ownership or other equity interest, patent-licensing arrangements), should be cited as conflict of interest at the end of the manuscript text file.


Based on the ICJME recommendations all those designated as authors, should meet all four criteria for authorship and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be acknowledged.

Any change in authorship (i.e., order, addition, and deletion of authors) after initial submission must be approved by all authors via written confirmation, in line with Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines. It is the corresponding author’s responsibility to ensure that all authors confirm they agree with the proposed changes. If there is disagreement amongst the authors concerning authorship and a satisfactory agreement cannot be reached, the authors must contact their institution(s) for a resolution. It is not the journal editor’s responsibility to resolve authorship disputes. A change in authorship after publication of an article, can only be amended via publication of an Erratum.


Our reference style requirements are in accordance with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals by the ICMJE. The references should be numbered in the order in which they appear in the text. In the text, tables, and legends, identify references using Arabic numerals in parentheses.

Note: List all authors when they are six or fewer; when they are seven or more, list the first six, followed by “et al”


- Articles in journals with less than six authors

Quiroga E, Starnes BW, Tran NT, Singh N. Implementation and results of a practical grading system for blunt thoracic aortic injury. J Vasc Surg. 2019;70(4):1082-8.

-  Articles in journals with more than six authors

Maunder RG, Leszcz M, Savage D, Adam MA, Peladeau N, Romano D, et al. Applying the lessons of SARS to pandemic influenza. Can J Public Health. 2008;99(6):486-8.

-  Article In press

Sakles JC, Patanwala AE, Mosier JM, Dicken, JM. Comparison of video laryngoscopy to direct laryngoscopy for intubation of patients with difficult airway characteristics in the emergency department. Int Emerg Med. 2013. [In press].

- Article in other language

Shiari R, Rouhipour A, Rezaei MM, Mirbaha S, Baratloo A. Classification of limping causes in children referred to the emergency department; a Literature Review. Iran J Emerg Med. 2016;4(1):4-8. [Persian].

- The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used for MEDLINE (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/journals)

-  Books and other monographs

Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, Adams GA. Rosen's emergency medicine: concepts and clinical practice. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby Incorporated; 2010. p. 1215-75

Figures and Tables:

Figures and tables should be kept to a minimum necessary and presented at the end of the manuscript file after the references, numbered (with Arabic numbers) and have a title. Include double-spaced legends (maximum length, 60 words) on separate pages.

Responsibility and Ethical Requirements:

Author(s) should certify that neither the submitted manuscript nor any other one with substantially similar content under their authorship has been published in any language or being considered for publication elsewhere. Author(s) should take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, from inception to published article. In the event that an author is added or removed from the list of authors, written acceptance, signed by author(s), must be submitted to the editorial office. Sources of financial support for the project should be acknowledged. If the study involves human beings, the author(s) must include a statement that the study was approved by the local ethical committee and that written informed consent was obtained from the study participants. For those who do not have formal ethics review committees, the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki should be followed. Also, the compliance of maintenance and care of experimental animals with National Institutes of Health guidelines for the human use of laboratory animals, should be declared in the text. All relevant permissions to use unpublished observations of others must be obtained by the manuscript author(s) and clearly stated in the text citing the names of the original author(s). Also, permission must be obtained to reproduce or adapt any figures or tables that have been previously published and declared in the legend/footnote. Emergency conforms to the international regulations against scientific misconduct including fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, and etc. Frontiers in Emergency Medicine is an official member of COPE since 2017 and any cases of suspected misconduct will be assessed during the peer-review and publication process based on COPE guidelines.

Editorial Independence:

The editor-in-chief makes the final decision regarding publication or rejection of the submitted articles without interference of its owner (Department of Emergency Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences) or economic interests.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in the journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.