Independent Predictors of One-Month Mortality in Patients with Intracranial Hemorrhage; a Cohort Study

Abstract

Introduction: Predicting the outcome is one of the most frequent and important issues when approaching patients with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the correlation of SUSPEKT score variables plus electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities with one-month mortality of patients with ICH presenting to emergency department (ED). Methods: In this cohort study, adult patients presenting to the EDs of three educational hospitals, during one year, were followed and their one-month mortality rate as well as independent predictors of outcome among the variables of SUSPEKT score plus electrocardiography findings were evaluated. Results: One hundred seventy-seven patients with the mean age of 63.07±14.89 years were studied (59.9%). The most common locations of intra-parenchymal hemorrhage were basal ganglia (53.7%) and cortex (36.2%). Ninety-two (52.0%) of cases had at least one ECG abnormality. The most frequent ECG abnormalities were ST segment depression (20.3%), T wave inversion (16.4%), and left ventricular hypertrophy (14.7%). Thirty (16.9%) cases died during the 30-day follow-up. Survived and non-survived cases were significantly different regarding the location of intra-parenchymal hemorrhage (p < 0.0001), presence of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) (p = 0.007), ST segment elevation (p < 0.0001), bradycardia (p < 0.0001), tachycardia (p < 0.0001), arterial fibrillation (p < 0.0001), blood sugar (p = 0.044), and serum level of potassium (p = 0.022). Conclusions: The location of hemorrhage (basal ganglia), higher blood sugar, and presence of ECG abnormalities (ST segment elevation, tachycardia, bradycardia, atrial fibrillation) were among the independent predictors of one-month mortality of ICH patients in this study.

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IssueVol 5 No 4 (2021): Autumn (October) QRcode
SectionOriginal article
Published2021-03-28
DOI 10.18502/fem.v5i4.6690
Keywords
Cohort Studies Electrocardiography Intracranial Hemorrhages Prognosis Stroke

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1.
Kariman H, Babadi B, Raofi M, Safari S. Independent Predictors of One-Month Mortality in Patients with Intracranial Hemorrhage; a Cohort Study. Front Emerg Med. 5(4):e39.

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