A narrative review of emergency department design strategies to prevent violence against healthcare personnel: an Indian perspective
Workplace violence in hospitals, specifically in emergency departments (ED), has become a growing concern in recent years. This violence can come from patients, their families, or visitors and can take the form of verbal or physical attacks. Preventing violence in EDs can be achieved through design modifications with minimal personnel and infrastructure requirements. Infrastructure design plays a crucial role in reducing the risk of violence. Private lockers should be available at the ED entrance to limit dangerous objects being brought into the department. Furnishings should be fixed to prevent them from being used as weapons, and evacuation should be facilitated through open rows of seating. Positive distractions, such as gardens or natural areas visible through windows, can reduce stress in patients and lower aggression. Ligature points should be eliminated and tamper-resistant items should be provided to reduce dangers in the built environment. The triage desk should be positioned in a secure area with access control and panic buttons available for staff. Hidden exits should be provided in case of violence and emergency exits should open outward and be lockable only from the outside. It seems that preventing violence in EDs requires a combination of management, technology, planning, and physical design. Proper infrastructure design can play a crucial role in reducing the risk of violence, and healthcare professionals, administrators, and architects should be aware of best practices in ED design.
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|Issue||Vol 7 No 2 (2023): Spring (April)|
|Aggression Architecture Emergency Department Hospital Design and Construction Hospital Planning Workplace Violence|
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